What specific accommodations or modifications might you use with students with autism (hint: answer to this question can copy/paste to your A&M project)?  What concerns or questions do you have about working with students with autism (I will compile a list of these and bring it to class)?  Make sure to reference the readings in your answer.


Communication Disabilities

Based on what you read and what you now know, what are some key strategies you are going to want to use when working with students with communication disabilities?

What questions or points of confusion do you have about working with students with communication disabilities?

Children with communication disabilities face difficulties with classroom activities, social interactions, instructional discourse exchanges and development of literacy skills. Communication disorders include, speech disorders, language disorders, receptive language disorders and expressive language disorder. There are two types of speech and language disorders, organic disorder and functional disorder. Under the IDEIA a speech and language impairment is a communication disorder. Focused contrast, modeling, event cast, open questions, expansions, recasts and redirects are all interventions to use for speech and language disabilities.

Focused contrast is when you let a student listen to the difference in the pronunciation of words. If a student is saying a word wrong, for example tree instead of three, you respond with, “I noticed you said ‘tree’ and i said ‘three”. During this approach, the teacher provides many examples allowing the student to repeat the example to form the proper pronunciation. Modeling allows a student to learn structure that they have not mastered. If the student is struggling with pronouncing the -ph sound, modeling the sound for the student and allowing them to practice with help with their structure. Event cast provides an on going description of an activity. Open question allows a student to answer with a variety of options. Expansions allows students to expand on vocabulary in context. If a student says “a beautiful day”, the teacher would respond with “a beautiful sunny day”. Recast is when the teacher repeats what the student said, but adding in proper grammar. It is important to know the students objectives, identify the strategies used in the different models, and  use the strategies as much as possible during every interaction. These strategies are most useful when provided in a meaning context allowing students to see and know how their language differs.

Questions: The article did not go into detail with event cast and open questions. How will both those interventions help students with language disabilities?

Accommodations and Modifications

It is important to help students in all different ways. By offering students accommodations and modifications we allow them to expand their learning in ways they thought were impossible. Students should be challenged, but in a sense where they still feel as though they can achieve. By making modifications and accommodations we allow students to succeed, and preserve. They are able to join the ‘group’ they were never able to join before. This is important not only for the learning environment, but also for the students social and emotional needs. They are able to feel apart of something, rather then being told they can’t solve a certain problem, or attend a specific seminar, ect.

What do you understand about law now that you didn’t before?  Why do you think laws might be important to support students with disabilities?  What questions or points of confusion do you still have (I will read these before class and answer ALL your questions)?

TBA (to be answered)